Chat roor palpen gaymaturedating com

02 Aug

We had two good days here, the finest of which we devoted to the ascent of the Drina9a (6,650ft.), six hours of rather rough walking from our hotel. Here again we found good collecting ground, on which we spent two days. I think, on the whole, that this butterfly is easier to catch on a grey warm day, without much sun. It is evident, as I have pointed out in my book, that if this genus can be at all incorporated with any of the generally acknowledged families, there can, considering the fully developed forelegs of the Pscudnpnntia, be the question only of two families, viz., the Papilionidae and the Picrididac. Until now no injury to the apples has been recorded in Finland, nor, as far as I am aware, in other parts of Europe. 39 Owing to this exceptionally favourable condition, the multiplication of the insect could proceed at an extraordinarily rapid rate. The colour is red-brown or chocolate- brown with a yellow ring, the micropyle pink.

tjalathea, and some sundries, but entirely failed to find X. As usual, we had no exact informa- tion as to where to get it, and it was only because the steep, wooded hills of Kobas looked picturesque, rising abruptly from the plain of the Save, about 20 miles oft', that Ave resolved to explore them. by train, and many and absurd were our adventures before we reached our point, but 11.0 o'clock found us ascending a wooded glen at the foot of the Kobas ; and here, on a Spanish chestnut tree, we saw three X. We took them all, but only two of them were tolerable specimens, and we were evidently late for the butterfly. [ The change of food-plant here noticed is exceedingly interesting. — Warts present — hair tufts instead of single tubercles. — Secondary [i.e., single, scattered) hairs also present. The fifth abdominal has a small black horseshoe mark where the hump should be, but there is very little trace of the latter except that the segment is somewhat swollen on the top. The tubercles are very small and scarcely perceptible. In the fourth instar the ground colour is of ■ a greenish yellow-grey tint, the whole being sprinkled with minute black dots, as in C. The head is yellow, with a red spot on the top of each lobe, a black streak down each side, tapering to the mouth, and several black lines on the face. The tubercles are very inconspicuous, pale yellow, the posterior trapezoidals of the eighth and ninth abdominals being somewhat larger. Of the Stap Jiylinidae, Lristotrop Jiiis)ichiilasi(s and Lathrobium midtipunctuw were, perhaps, the best, but of other Clavicorns there were good series of Necrophorus vestiyator and Xitidula riifiprs, both scarce species ; Xcrro- phnnm mortnorum, Cholera Jiiyricans, and Attayenus jx'Uin, the latter from outhouses being also present.

avaciac, Arasc Jmia Icvana, and a splendid specimen of Apatura ilia var. We devoted another day to the marshes, and got some more ( '. rutiliis, several bad speci- mens of ('(H'ndnijmpha darns and M. ^/rt(V(.s, curiously approximating in colour and marking, and flying together. From this fact, and considering the manner in which the caterpillars work, it will be evident that the injury caused by Ari/i/resthia conjuiidla is much more destructive than that of the common Codling-moth, Triipcta pnmnnella, L. Below are the principal characters to be noted, given in tabular form : — I. In the third instar the colour is pale yellowish-grey, the whole surface being dusted with minute black spots. The fifth abdominal still has the black horseshoe mark, but very little trace of a hump. (hrhcatca u/frtwas common all round Brockenhurst on the Myrica yalc. Amongst the Geodephaga received were one or two Harpalu K mbidicola, which beetle appears to be not uncommon in the neighbourhood, whilst Clirina callaris occurred freely in cucumber frames in May.

Sarajevo BUTTERFLY HUNTING IN DALMATIA, MONTENEGRO, ETC. But our utmost endeavours failed to discover any more of this lovely little blue, so we went back to Sarajevo, intending to return later on to look for it. On the IGth we explored a gully running up to the Trebevic, a beautiful and well-wooded moun- tain, 5,000 feet high, close to the town. Moore had read my book this query would have been super- fluous, and there would have been no need to doubt the accuracy of my statement quoted above. 228-280), first, that I have really taken into consideration not the palpi and the basal-fieck alone, but also other characters, among which the wing- neuration and the form and structure of the antenna? lilvin, " The Position of I'miudnjioutia ((imiojihlchia),''^ Kiitom. the anomalous genus Stjix, the position of which in this family seems doubtful). — I found this fairly common, though very local, amongst long grass on Leu-kung-tao in July. nialrae {alr('olii.«:), but the white spots on the upper sur- face are fewer in number. potnondla, Walsh, The caterpillars under "consideration apparently enter the fruit from the side, and eat their way into the interior by tunnelling the fruit in all directions. All are very prominent, and stand out like warts from the skin.

to G, 400ft., very well wooded and picturesque, a great contrast to the barren *' Karst " of Montenegro and Dalmatia. ground on the western side of Mostar, where we got a single specimen of Pidi/nitniiattis balranica, fresh from the chrysahs. 2-4, I published an article on a " New Classification of the Rhopalocera," giving a brief summary of the principal phylogenetic results arrived at in my book On the Palpi of the Il Jiojiahiccra.^ In no. He holds PHintdopnntia, the only known species of the genus, not to be a butterfly at all, and wishes to kno AV whether I have been guided in my conclusions by a study of its basal-fleck alone or, as I state in my article, " taken into consideration other characters, affording a test of relationship with the Rhopalocera." If Mr. It may, thus, be advisable and logical to consider the genus Fsc Kdopontia, a representative of a separate subfamily I'xcxdojumtiinac as distinct from the subfamily Picridinac, containing all the other Picrididae (excl. Argyresthia conjugella, Zell., a new enemy to the apple fruit. The damage is caused by the attacks of a little caterpillar, somewhat resembling the true Codling- worm, but easily distinguish- able from this by its much smaller size — only measuring a little over a quarter of an inch in length when full grown — and by the general form of its body, which is much more tapering towards each end. Fletcher " the apple fruit- miner," differ in some respects from those of T. The former, on the other hand, injures the fruit of the apple in a very similar manner to that of the larva of T. The tubercles on the thoracic segments are small and pink, the anterior dorsals on the abdominal segments are small and pink like the thoracic, the posterior are much larger and redder, those on the eighth being very large and forming a ridge, the posteriors on the ninth also incline this way but are much smaller, the laterals are small and pink.

^^'e are more particularly in need of contributors who will send us up-to-date " Current Notes," and systematic series of " Practical Hints." We should sometimes like more short "field notes" and "observations" and we would impress upon field-naturalists that it is often apparently unimportant observations of habits and life-histories that have great scientitic value. Page, who still gives his services in the management of the business part of the magazine, that the number of subscribers is now higher than at any time since he has had charge of it. It is certainly never caught in ]osnia or Hercego- vina, and is one of the two early Erebias — ofrr var. May 5th, we arrived at Cettinje, probably the most singular of European capitals — a village of 1,200 inhabi- tants, situated in a small fertile plain, surrounded by the most barren limestone mountains it is possible to conceive. cnjane, of which latter several specimens were much more darkly tinged with grey and yellow than those which we caught on the coast. In the third instar it measures from "TSin.-lin., is smoky-grey, with a white horseshoe mark on the first abdominal, the points tot\'ards the anus. marhaon is going to be dark coloured (a destination fixed in the period of larval existence when feeding has ceased, as so fully investi- gated and ascertained by Professor Poulton) very small portions are darkened while the pupa is still clothed with the larval skin ; that after this there is very little change in colour for nearly two hours, and that afterwards the abdomen colours before the anterior part of the pupa. necessary, in order to form an idea of the relative time occupied by ditterent stay;es in active metamorphosis, to note the temperature. s ran as small as 18mm., and so the average of the latter is reduced. This is particularly the case with the longer communications, which, however, are all dealt with in turn. have taken it on this excursion, as we were within an easy day's journey from Sebenico. Beneath, it is pearly grey, wdth a purple-brown spot on each segment. It would appear from the foregoing observations that when a pupa of P. Some notes on Acidalia emarginata and its sexual dimorphism. There is little difference in size, as some specimens of both sexes are equally large (20-22mm.), but one of my ? 112), is so closely allied to utarinus, Thorns., that it has hitherto escaped observation in Britain. In vain we waited ; the weather got worse, and at last the rain came down in torrents and drove us to shelter in the neighbouring village. Apple, however, is a very possible food-plant for the members of this genus, and one British species, An/i/rrsthia ciirvella, is attached to this food-plant. In the fifth instar the larva measures from 2-5 — Sin. fraxini of corresponding age, the ground- colour is, however, slightly more pinkish. mutator and Ucp- taulaciin tcstudinarius, the three last-named taken by Mr. With regard to the habits of Ilcptaulams tcstndinarius, an extract from a note sent by me to the Kntonioloyist's Monthly Mayazinc, May, 1898, at the time of their receipt may prove of interest. Htrood wrote me that "during January and February they were only to be met" with in the dung quite at the bottom of the Gcotrupcti {i.e., Li. Sharp quotes a case of a Mantis resembling a Phasmid {Ikirilliis .'), with short anterior limbs ; Bates suggested that the Mantis fed on the Phasmid, but as yet we can only guess. However, we were enchanted with our prize, and hoped to get plenty more before the day was over. grey BUTTKRFLY HUNTING IN DALMATIA, MONTEJTEGRO, ETC, 5 clouds began to drift across the sun. We do not seem to have any records of the larvte of Ariii/n'i^tliia conjiif/c Ua feeding on apple in th8 British Islands. Beneath, the larva is pale greenish -grey, only the third and fourth abdominals having small spots, though one or two other segments have a slight trace of them. The Lamellicornia were well repre- sented both in size by some very fine specimens of Lucanua ccrnis, and in quantity by long series of (Tcotrupcs typhaeus, G. ipa, but we cannot tell which mimics which, or whether, as is more probable, it is a case of parallel development. This plain is surrounded by fine mountains, varying in height from 4,000ft. There is also excellent 4 THK ENTOMOLOGIST S RECORD. Harry Moore asks me to explain why I consider the Pi^eudopontiinac a subfamily of the Picrididae. Aurivillius, " Peitrilge zur Kcnntniss der Insektenfauna von Kanierun, 2, Tagfalter, 4." Entom. Nevertheless I'si'i Klopnutia, as indicated above, stands isolated among the Picndulac ; its strange anomalies, at any rate, place it in pretty strong contrast with the other members of this family. In the annual reports on the " Central Experimental Farms " for the years 189G and 1897, the Canadian state entomologist, Mr. Fletcher, mentions a ne AV apple pest, not previously noticed in America. The latter always works to the core and feeds upon the seeds, making only a single channel straight from the core to one side of the apple, and emerging through a rather large hole. The hump on the fifth abdominal is of the same colour as the rest of the body, there being just a trace of the smoky colour immediately behind it. We travelled direct from Spalato to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, situated in a rich plain, about seven miles across, and 1,500ft. It has probably been, in prehistoric days, the bed of a lake. 10 THE entomologist's RECORD, ' best in incorporating 7'.sv'/^r/n/«)»//rt with the Picriiliilac ; the more so, as it exhibits also other charactei's, already pointed out by Plotz and Schatz, e.'j., the bifurcate claws, which agree with those of this family. Lately, however, another lepidopterous insect has a])peared, which promises to be a still more formidable destroyer of this generally- cultivated fruit. It is probably unnecessary to add that Type 1 is the highest, and Type 4, the lowest, in degree of specialisation. The head is pale yellow-brown, with paler blotches on the lobes and a i OBSERVATIONS ON THE GENUS CATOCALA. Each segment has traces of similar marks, but in all except the second abdominal, which has a patch of white on each side, the ends of the horseshoe mark, they are only slightly lighter than the ground-colour. The ova are somewhat irregularly oval (irregularity due to pressure, on or during deposition). ari'iis in better order, but we never pitched upon the species again, and it remains among "butterflies wanted" for the collection. The ground- colour of the body is yellowish-grey, dusted with minute black and brown spots ; these latter are, however, not as prominent as they are in C. On the eighth abdominal the posteriors form a ridge, which has a black blotch at the rear of it, and there are also traces of the streaks observed in C. The prolegs are yellow, tinged with purple at the tip. Beneath, the larva is greenish-white, with just a trace of pink; the spots are well-developed on the third to seventh abdominals and slightly on the third thoracic. The forewings, head, and thorax are pale whitish-grey, a great deal dusted with black scales, and with numerous indistinct, smoky, irregular bands crossing the wings. The tubercles are black, but very small and indistinct, those on the eighth abdominal forming the usual ridge, which is black. Beneath, the larva is bluish-white, with the spots developed slightly on the third and fourth abdominals and thoracic segments. fraxini in everything except the slightly pinkish ground-colour and the hump. Although usually considered a very local and somewhat rare insect, this beetle 48 THE entomologist's record. ()nf/iniurariits taken on different occasions crawling on a garden path in June. The Phasmodni present an extraordinary variety of form, and almost invariably show remarkable assimilation to their surroundings, but I can find no case of a Phasmid resembling other living creatures.